Gerald Pollack

Gerald Pollack is Professor of Biochemistry at Washington University and has made extensive study of the Fourth Phase of Water, a liquid crystalline state which forms in contact with hydrophilic surfaces such as glass and has the formula H3O2.
It has an important role in physics, chemistry and biology and the origins of life

The Fourth Phase of Water has a regular hexagonal structure, is more dense than H2O ‘bulk water’ and will self-purify by excluding impurities, forming an ‘exclusion zone or ‘EZ’ next to glass surfaces, hence the term EZ water.

There is evidence that the water lining the sides of arteries is EZ water. The water has a net negative charge and since the blood cells are also negatively charged, they will be repelled from the arterial walls, thereby reducing friction to almost zero and assisting the formation of a smooth flow.
See also The Heart is not a Pump

In this clip, Gerald Pollack shows blood cells flowing through a capillary followed by self-propelling water flowing through a glass tube, suggesting that the two are the same process.

The book is a fascinating read and addresses may other interesting questions of physics including:

  • Why does warm water freeze more quickly than cold water?
  • Does Brownian motion really exist?
  • If a thundercloud weighs as much as 5 million elephants then how does it stay up there?
  • The two halves of knee and hip joints are likely lined with negatively charged EZ water and so they will repel each other and never physically touch.

Conventional wisdom has it that water is a pretty much an immutable substance containing a few dissolved minerals and that water surface tension is created by a single layer of atoms with extra strong bonding at the water/air interface. This layer is said to be strong enough for insects to ride upon and strong enough to support small coins.

Stefan Lanka and Gerald Pollack would disagree with this, claiming that surface water is a physically different substance from normal H2O, that it is 1.4 times as dense as normal water and that there are several feet of this stuff at the surface of the oceans.

In this clip, a boat is loaded down with weights and seen to float on the surface of the sea. Bubbles are then created to break up this surface area and replace the dense water with ‘bulk’ water. The boat then sinks.
This phenomenon has been proposed as a cause of boats sinking in the Bermuda triangle, with the bubbles caused by underwater vents.


Pollack Lab Research

Water Journal

The Fourth Phase of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid & Vapor
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0962689548
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0962689543
Author: Gerald H. Pollack

Cells, Gels and the Engines of Life:: A New Unifying Approach to Cell Function
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0962689521
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0962689529
Author: Gerald H. Pollack

Exclusion Zone Phenomena in Water—A Critical Review of Experimental Findings and Theories – Daniel C. Elton, Peter D. Spencer, [..], and Elizabeth D. Williams