The mechanical pressure produced by the heart is insufficient of itself to push the blood around the body and it therefore follows that there must be some other input of energy into the system to achieve circulation.
This additional energy is in the form of rotational and electromagnetic energy which is generated in the heart and converted in the arteries to kinetic energy.
“Electromagnetic properties of the arterial blood flow” – M Beraia, G Beraia
The pressure propulsion hypothesis is insufficient to explain many well documented features of blood flow:
- Blood actually accelerates as it leaves the heart despite losing some energy to turbulence and despite the fact that the blood vessels actually get wider at this point
- The total energy of the pulse wave in the arterioles can be 7 times higher than in the aorta, again despite energy dissipation
- The closing of the heart valves is assumed to be caused by a pressure gradient across the valve but at the time of closing, no such pressure difference is measured
- Blood is pushed through blood vessels with a total length of 100,000 km and is assumed to be losing energy all the time, yet the heart only has a power of between 1 and 2 Watts.
- Systolic blood pressure actually increases when moving from the aorta to the periphery so that somehow the blood is moving from low to high pressure. It cannot then be the case that the flow is caused by the pressure. Rather the pressure is somehow caused by the flow.
The authors of the paper say that to explain these phenomena we need to look for “non-ordinary” solutions but within the fundamental laws of physics and chemistry.
Starting at the heart we see that the blood flows around the left ventricle (LV) in a clockwise direction (red arrows) whilst an electric current produced by the contracting heart muscle moves around the heart in an anti-clockwise direction (black dotted arrows). The red blood cells are negatively charged and so their clockwise movement forms a positive electric current travelling anti-clockwise, thereby reinforcing the current produced by the heart.
The electric currents therefore create an electro-magnet whose ‘north pole’ points out of the page (black arrow) and this in turn exerts a sideways force on the blood (three small black arrows) flow, directing it towards the output valve. So the blood does not just enter the heart, slosh about a bit and then get pushed out, but is shaped by magnetic fields into a powerful, structured and efficient flow.
The individual blood cells will rotate and tumble which creates an additional local oscillating field around each individual cell which will tend to push it in the direction of the blood flow (right).
This field forms an AC electric current that propagates along the blood flow, supplying energy and information for to individual cells in the periphery.
Red blood cells (RBC) are in a constant state of vibration at ultrasound frequencies and so are the layers of charge surrounding them. The RBC are embedded in the electric field of the heart created by the muscle and the acoustic vibration of the cells modifies their surrounding electric field to create an electro-acoustic wave that is measurable as an electric current.
The RBC are ideally shaped for this purpose.
The RBC require input of energy from ATP to maintain the vibration and the acoustic wave is transmitted right down to individual cells elsewhere in the body to supply both energy and information for further ATP production.
Colloid Vibration Current: We see here a negatively charged blood cell surrounded by a layer of positive charges which in turn attract negatively charged elements.
Movement of the fluid caused by a pressure pulse or vibration causes an imbalance of charges left to right (a dipole) which in turn results in net charge flow, i.e. an actual electric current within the blood. Wikipedia
As the blood leaves the heart it enters the valsalva sinus (right) where the geometry of the valve causes helical vortices to form much as in a smoke ring. The charged blood again creates a magnetic field which enhances the flow.
So what appears to be a turbulent energy losing flow is precisely the opposite; the blood begins to accelerate.
Windkessel effect. As the blood enters the arteries, electrostatic forces between the RBC cause expansion of the blood and elastic expansion of the arteries. So the arteries act as a ‘capacitor’ helping to smooth the blood flow by maintaining pressure in between heartbeats.
Further downstream the arteries will branch, creating what again appears to be turbulent, chaotic flow. But as before, what happens is that vortices are formed and stored rotational energy that was imparted to the blood from the heart is released via magnetic forces and converted to linear kinetic energy. Pressure again increases and flow once more accelerates.
Fleming’s Right Hand Rule known to physicists is a way of remembering how magnetic forces act upon an electrically charged particle.
If a blood cell, say, is moving in the direction of the thumb in a magnetic field pointing in the direction of the forefinger then it will experience a force in the direction of the middle finger.
This gives complex fluid flow that will tend to form energetic vortices and helices.
“Availability of the heart, as the possible single tool for the blood flow, looks imperfect. An oscillating electric field from the heart dipoles impacts the erythrocytes, forming the modulated ultrasound vibration and associated colloid vibration current propagating distally to all cell membranes.
Blood motion in the heart chambers and arteries has the additional function of rotating blood particles in the heart chambers and in the arterial branching sites, with the concomitant oscillating electric field triggered from the heart forming an additional electromagnetic repulsing force for the charged particles comprising the flow.
A modulating ac electric field, transmitted by the oscillating blood particles, besides the flow, creates additional energy/signal source, enabling spontaneous chemical reactions to proceed across the cell membranes.”
Electromagnetic properties of the arterial blood flow – M Beraia, G Beraia
Energy/information dissipation and blood flow in human body – M Beraia, G Beraia
Windkessel effect– Wikipedia
Illustration of the Windkessel effect
By Kurzon – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31288770