The Heart is not a Pump

The heart is generally thought to be essentially a pressure pump, forcing the blood around the body via a pulsed pumping action whereas the blood is viewed as a simple viscose fluid that somehow gets squashed and pushed around the entire circulatory system by purely mechanical action.

Many observed anomalies show that this is incorrect.

  • The blood in early embryos has been filmed circulating before the heart has started to beat
  • The heart must pump some eight thousand litres of water a day without fatigue – equivalent to lifting 100 pounds a mile high
  • The blood is somehow forced through capillaries smaller than the size of a blood cell
  • The ventricle wall is thin in parts and not suitable for withstanding great pressure
  • The curvature of the aorta is seen to increase as the heart pumps – a pressure increase should result in a straightening out of the vessel
  • The blood pressure increases as the flow moves away from the heart so the flow is moving from low pressure to high pressure – it should go the other way
  • As the heart beats, instead of seeing a pulse of pressure followed by motion, we see motion followed by a peak pressure, suggesting that the flow is causing the pressure – not that the pressure is causing the flow.
  • Several adult humans have had valves removed without replacement and no disruption to blood flow.
  • Paper by Ralph Marinelli – here

Spiral blood flow

The blood does not flow in a straight or ‘laminar’ flow; this would be very inefficient and much energy would be lost through viscose friction and turbulence.

The flow of blood is complex and spiral with several different streams flowing at different rates; artificial blood vessels take this into account.

Spiral heart

The entire musculature of the heart can be seen to be a single band of muscle wound into a simple helix structure with a few valves added along the way.
The blood is ejected from the heart in a spiral pattern.

The living walls of the artery have longitudinal spiral folds which help maintain a spiral flow.

In this spiral flow, blood corpuscles reconfigure, distributing their mass around the periphery thereby maximising the rotational energy they can store.

In this video clip, Francisco Torrent-Guasp dissects the heart in such a way as to clearly illustrate the helical structure.


Electrical considerations

The heart generates the strongest electrical field in the body 50 to 100 times stronger than that of the brain.

The blood plasma is electrically conductive as is the tissue encasing the arteries so the heart is sending an electric current throughout the entire body along the arteries right down to the smallest capillaries.

An electric current flowing along the arteries will create its own magnetic field as shown here. Now since each red blood cell is itself electrically charged, its movement will be affected by and will in turn affect this magnetic field, leading to a complex spiralling flow pattern

The result is a complex self-organising and efficient flow that is largely turbulence free and hence very low on frictional energy loss.

Flows like this occur in a variety of configurations and are known to cosmologists and physicists as either ‘force free‘ or ‘Birkeland‘ currents depending upon the precise structure of the flow.

Compare this simulation of a Birkeland current with the description of blood flow in a chick embryo from Bremen: “two streams of spiralling blood with different forward velocities .. which move without an apparent propelling mechanism. These streams spiral around their own longitudinal axes and around each other.”


Morphogenesis.
Organ formation is controlled by morphogenetic fields.
The heart is spiral in form and function and is likely at the centre of a fractal spiral energy field.
Various papers suggest that the shape of the heart is influenced by the blood flow it promotes [Paper]

From an embryologist: Blood flows in the arteries before the heart is formed and the heart forms by slowly morphing into a spiral shape.

The blood continues to flow around the spiral as expected until a critical point is reached and the blood flow suddenly changes its characteristics, rolling about and bunching up in the vessel leading to expansion of the vessel walls which is followed by elastic contraction which in turn propels the blood along the artery again.

The flow has suddenly become pulsatile and this before the valves have formed. The pulse now causes rhythmic expansion and contraction of the artery wall. The pulse has started the heart beating rather than the other way around.


The Heart Math Institute regard the heart as a mechanical pump, but read this from page 37 of their paper

The heart generates a pressure wave that travels rapidly throughout the arteries, much faster than the actual flow of blood that we feel as our pulse.

These pressure waves force the blood cells through the capillaries to provide oxygen and nutrients to cells and expand the arteries, causing them to generate a relatively large electrical voltage. These pressure waves also apply pressure to the cells in a rhythmic fashion that can cause some of their proteins to generate an electrical current in response to this ‘squeeze.’

Experiments conducted in our laboratory have shown that a change in the brain’s electrical activity can be seen when the blood-pressure wave reaches the brain around 240 milliseconds after systole.”


Summary

The heart, brain, nervous system, the blood itself and possibly all the muscle tissue as well, form an integrated, continuous feedback system of organised and regulated energy and information where energy is expressed either as electrical current or mechanical vibration depending upon local requirements.

The heart acts as a transducer, converting electrical energy to mechanical flow which is recycled back via the piezo-electric effect to electrical impulses, encoding information which in turn feeds back into the system to ensure both stability and flexibility of response.

For a detailed account of electromagnetic blood flow see Electromagnetism and blood



References

The heart is not a pump: A refutation of the pressure propulsion premise of heart function. Marinelli, Fuerst, Van der Zee..
https://rsarchive.org/RelArtic/Marinelli/
Wayback machine: https://web.archive.org/web/20220405203712/https://rsarchive.org/RelArtic/Marinelli/

Torsional Ventricular Motion and Rotary Blood Flow
Baciewicz, Penney et al
https://rsarchive.org/RelArtic/Marinelli/cc.html

Your Heart is a Double Helix Spiral
https://medimagery.com/untying-the-knot-your-heart-is-actually-a-spiral/

The structure and function of the helical heart and its buttress wrapping. I. The normal macroscopic structure of the heart – F Torrent-Guasp et al
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11807730/

Plasma-like Behaviour of Partially-Ionized Liquids Part I – Robert Johnson
“Subsequent parts of this paper already in preparation will explore the application of plasma principles to biological situations involving plant sap flow and mammalian blood flow which also exhibit anomalous behaviour.”
https://waterjournal.org/archives/johnson/

Spiral laminar flow is the predominant flow pattern in 97% of patients in observational study
https://vascularnews.com/spiral-laminar-flow-is-the-predominant-flow-pattern-in-97-of-patients-in-observational-study/

Spiral blood flow in aorta-renal bifurcation models Javadzadegan, Simmons, Barber
” As spiral flow intensity increases, the rate of turbulent kinetic energy production decreases, reducing the region of potential damage to red blood cells and endothelial cells. “
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26414530/#:~:text=The%20dominant%20observed%20effect%20of,blood%20cells%20and%20endothelial%20cells.

Analysis and preparation of rotational flow mechanism of artificial blood vessel with spiral folds on inner wallLi, Shi, Du et al
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10237-018-1092-x

The Heart and Circulation: an Integrative Model – Branko Furst
https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/bfm:978-1-4471-5277-4/1.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288981713_The_Heart_and_Circulation_-_An_Integrative_Model

The heart: pressure-propulsion pump or organ of impedance? – Branko Furst
https://www.jcvaonline.com/article/S1053-0770(15)00124-X/fulltext

Branko Furst’s Radical Alternative: Is the Heart Moved by the Blood, Rather Than Vice Versa? – Walter Alexander
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5215277/pdf/ptj4201033.pdf

Exploring the role of the heart in human performance volume 2
Rollin McCraty – HeartMath institute
https://immediateshift.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Heart-Science.pdf

Vascular remodelling of the mouse yolk sac requires hemodynamic force
Authors: Jennifer L. Lucitti, Elizabeth A. V. Jones, Chengqun Huang, Ju Chen, Scott E. Fraser, Mary E. Dickinson
https://journals.biologists.com/dev/article/134/18/3317/64473/Vascular-remodeling-of-the-mouse-yolk-sac-requires

Intracardiac fluid forces are an essential epigenetic factor for embryonic cardiogenesis
Authors: Jay R Hove 1, Reinhard W Köster, Arian S Forouhar, Gabriel Acevedo-Bolton, Scott E Fraser, Morteza Gharib
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12520305/

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