Cellular structure

The classical model of a biological cell consists roughly of a tough cell membrane filled with a large amount of water, and floating within that water, an assortment of weird and wonderful apparatus concerned with protein production and transport of nutrients.

Biologists have seen interesting shapes in electron micrograph images and have erroneously extrapolated these to three dimensions and then assigned imaginary functions to each ‘organelle’.

A bag full of water?
Try the following experiment: buy a piece of steak and hit it with a mallet until the tissue structure completely breaks down. Now if meat is composed of lots of little bags of water you should have a work surface covered with water – but you don’t. Why not?

In ‘Cells, gels and the engines of life’, Gerald Pollack suggests that intracellular water is arranged in a tightly packed dipole structure as shown, with each small blue mark representing a water molecule and the larger objects representing various electrically charged organelles which help structure the water around them.
The space between the organelles is possibly even smaller than illustrated.

The water molecules are packed tightly like sardines head to tail or maybe like small bar magnets north to south. The result is a firm ‘gel’ that is considerably more dense and viscose than ordinary water. The gel maintains its structure even after the beating with the mallet, but if you leave the meat to stand then eventually the liquid will ooze out.

Molecular motors are said to be elaborate microscopic constructions that transport nutrients etc. from one part of the cell to another. They are often depicted in cartoon format moving great loads through a vast expanse of ‘nothingness’ which we are left to believe is liquid water.
However, even liquid water does not behave like this at the molecular level and if the interior of a cell now consists of a viscose gel, we can start to doubt the establishment view.

Ion pumps.
Conventional wisdom says that cells regulate concentrations of sodium and potassium ions by continually ‘pumping’ the molecules in or out of the cell via sophisticated ion channels that are operated by tiny electrical currents. .

Gilbert Ling, however, calculated that the amount of energy required to do this would not leave anything left over for use by the rest of the cell. He performed relatively simple experiments to show that there is no need for ion pumps or even a cell membrane and that the cytoplasm regulates ion concentrations by itself without any complicated machinery.


These small irregular circles seen through an electron microscope that look for all the world like dried air bubbles on a microscope slide are said to represent the complex molecular machinery responsible for gene expression.

The ‘Living Matrix‘ described by James Oschman consists of a continuous molecular fabric where almost every part is able to communicate with every other part via some sort of electrically conductive pathway.
Cell boundaries are irrelevant in this scenario and are apt to change to meet requirements anyhow.

“The cell is not a machine, but something altogether different — something more interesting yet also more unruly. It is a bounded, self-maintaining, steady-state organization of interconnected and interdependent processes; an integrated, dynamically stable, multi-scale system of conjugated fluxes collectively displaced from thermodynamic equilibrium.” – Daniel J Nicholson

The cell as a cymatic resonatorpage

Each cell forms a 3-D Chladni plate in a constant state of cymatic resonance that constructs complex molecules by means of acoustic and electromagnetic vibratory fields which assemble all the component parts of a protein, say, before ‘welding’ them together with visible light photons.


Pollack, G., 2001. Cells, gels, and the engines of life. Seattle, WA: Ebner & Sons.

Gerald Pollack. The Fourth Phase of Water – TED talk video

Ling, G., 2001. Life at the cell and below-cell level. New York: Pacific Press.

Gilbert Ling. A 400 word summary of the association induction hypothesis
ATP is not an energy source for life.

Gilbert Ling. History of the Membrane (Pump) Theory of the Living Cell from Its Beginning in Mid-19th Century to Its Disproof 45 Years Ago — though Still Taught Worldwide Today as Established Truth

James L. Oschman. Charge transfer in the living matrix. PubMed

James L Oschman. Energy Medicine: The Scientific Basis.
ISBN: 9780443067297, 0443067295
Elsevier. Dover.

Is the cell really a machine? – Nicholson, Daniel. (2019).
Journal of Theoretical Biology. 477. 108-126. 10.1016/j.jtbi.2019.06.002.

The Cell Is Not a Machine: Johannes Jaeger